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c2patool Node.js service example

This repository is an example of a very simple Node.js service that uploads images and adds a C2PA manifest to each image. It is written in plain Javascript, HTML, and CSS to be as generic as possible.

NOTE: This is NOT an example of the C2PA Javascript API. Rather, it demonstrates how a server application using Express can call c2patool to add content credentials in a C2PA manifest to an image. The client JavaScript code simply displays information from the manifests.

Install and build

Follow these steps:

  1. Install Node.js and npm from

  2. Clone this repo by entering this command in a terminal window:

    git clone
  3. Download the latest version of c2patool for your platform from

  4. Extract the zip file and put a copy of the c2patool executable in the root of this repo (c2pa_service_example directory). NOTE: Depending on your operating system, you may need to take some extra steps to be able to run this file; for example on MacOS you have to follow the instructions to open a Mac app from an unidentified developer.

  5. Open a terminal window and install the required packages. Enter these commands

    cd <path_where_you_cloned_repo>/c2patool-service-example
    npm install
  6. Start the service by entering this command:

    npm start

    You'll see this in your terminal:

    > c2pa_serve@0.1.0 start
    > nodemon server.js

    [nodemon] 2.0.21
    [nodemon] to restart at any time, enter `rs`
    [nodemon] watching path(s): *.*
    [nodemon] watching extensions: js,mjs,json
    [nodemon] starting `node server.js`
    CAI HTTP server listening on port 8000.

Try the web app

  1. Open a browser to http://localhost:8000.
  2. Click the Choose Files button and select one or more JPEG or PNG images in the native file chooser dialog.
    The service uploads the selected images, stores them in the `uploads` folder, and then calls the C2PA Tool to add a C2PA manifest to each image and signs it with demo certificate and private key built-in to the C2PA Tool. The signed image is stored in the `uploads` folder.
  3. Hover over the badge for information about the associated manifest.
  4. The service returns the full-sized image, not thumbnails.
  5. Right-click and download an image to view the credentials on

Overview of the app

The code in server.js contains all the server-side logic. It defines three routes:

  • GET /version displays the version of c2patool being used
  • POST /upload uploads a file, adds a C2PA manifest, and returns a URL.
  • GET /, the default route, serves client/index.html, which is a simple page with a user interface you can use to upload one or more files. The associated client JavaScript is in client/index.js. Selecting files triggers a client JavaScript event listener that calls the /upload route for each file and then calls the addGalleryItem function to display the returned image on the page.


The data added to the manifest is determined by the manifest.json file in the root folder. To modify the information added to the file, modify manifest.json.

For more information about c2patool and manifests, see the documentation.